Selected Publications

Articles In Academic Journals

Year Title
2016 New Records of Ixodes affinis (Acari: Ixodidae) Parasitizing Avian Hosts in Southeastern VirginiaJournal of Medical Entomology. 441-5.
2016 New records of Ixodes affinis parasitizing avian hosts in southeastern VirginiaJournal of Medical Entomology. 441-445.
2015 Experimental Vertical Transmission of Rickettsia parkeri in the Gulf Coast tick, Amblyomma maculatumTicks and tick-borne diseases. 568-573.
2015 Rickettsia parkeri Transmission to Amblyomma americanum by Cofeeding with Amblyomma maculatum (Acari: Ixodidae) and Potential for SpilloverJournal of Medical Entomology. 1090-5.
2014 Single-tube real-time PCR assay for differentiation of Ixodes affinis and Ixodes scapularisTicks and tick-borne diseases. 48-52.
2014 Ticks and spotted fever group rickettsiae of southeastern VirginiaTicks and tick-borne diseases. 53-57.
2013 Inactivation of Porphyromonas Gingivalis by Low-Temperature Atmospheric Pressure PlasmaPlasma Medicine. 201-214.
2013 Pandemic serotypes of Vibrio cholerae isolated from ships’ ballast tanks and coastal waters: Assessment of antibiotic resistance and virulence genes (tcpA and ctxA)Microbial Ecology. 969-974.
2012 In vitro propagation of Candidatus Rickettsia andeanae isolated from Amblyomma maculatumFEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology.
2011 Ixodes affinis (Acari: Ixodidae) in southeastern Virginia and implications for the spread of Borrelia burgdorferi, the agent of Lyme diseaseJournal of Vector Ecology. 464-467.
2011 Rickettsia parkeri in gulf coast ticks, southeastern Virginia, USAEmerg Infect Dis. 896-898.
2011 Tidewater Spotted Fever: Detection of Rickettsia parkeri in Gulf Coast ticks, southeastern VirginiaEmerging Infectious Diseases. 896-898.
2009 A novel approach to controlling bacterial contamination on toothbrushes: chlohexidine coatingInt. J. Dent. Hyg.. 241-245.
2009 A single nucleotid mutation results in loss of enzymatic activity in the hyaluronate lyase gene of Streptococcus pyogenesMicrobial Path.. 308-313.
2009 Cold Plasma Technology: Bactericidal effects of Geobacillus stearothermophilus and Bacillus cereus microorganismsJ. Dent. Hyg.. 55-61.
2008 Historical mammal extinction on Christmas Island (Indian Ocean) correlates with introduced infectious diseasePLOS ONE.
2008 Molecular characterization and related aspects of the innate immune response in ticksFront. Biosci.. 7046-7063.
2008 Silencing expression of the defensin, varisin, in male Dermacentor variabilis by RNA interference results in reduced Anaplasma marginale infectionsExp Appl Acarol. 17-28.
2008 The Plasma Pencil: A source of hypersonice cold plasma bullets forbiomedical applicationsIEEE Transact Plasma Sci.. 1298-1299.
2008 Using RNA interference to determine the role of varisin in the innate immune system of the hard tick Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae)Experimental and Applied Acarology/Springer Netherlands. p. 7-15.
2007 Tissue and life-stage distribution of a defensin gene in the Lone Star tick, Amblyomma americanumMed Vet Entomol. 141-147.
2006 Taxonomy of Pfiesteria (Dinophyceae)Harmful Algae. 481-496.
2005 A defensin-like gene expressed in the black-legged tick, Ixodes scapularisMed. Vet. Entomol.. 339-344.
2005 Host blood proteins and peptides in the midgut of the tick Dermacentor variabilis (Say) contribute to bacterial controlExp. Appl. Acarol.. 207-223.
2005 Host blood proteins and peptides in the midgut of the tick Dermacentor variabilis contribute to bacterial control.Exp. Appl. Acarol.. 207-223.
2004 Virulence factors of the group A streptococci and genes that regulate their expressionFront Biosci. 3399-433.
2003 An arthropod defensin expressed by the hemocytes of the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae)Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 1099-1103.
2002 Glass capillary tube feeding: a method for infecting nymphal Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) with the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferiJ Med Entomol. 285-292.
2002 Resistance of the tick Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae) following challenge with the bacterium Escherichia coli (Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae)J Med Entomol. 376-383.
2001 Contrasts in tick innate immune responses to Borrelia burgdorferi challenge: immunotolerance in Ixodes scapularis versus immunocompetence in Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae)J Med Entomol. 99-107.
2001 Identification of a defensin from the hemolymph of the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilisInsect Biochem Mol Biol. 857-865.
2000 Enhancement of OspC expression by Borrelia burgdorferi in the presence of tick hemolymphFEMS Microbiol Lett. 137-141.
2000 Hyaluronidases of Gram-positive bacteriaFEMS Microbiol Lett. 201-207.
2000 Response of the tick Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae) to hemocoelic inoculation of Borrelia burgdorferi (Spirochetales)J Med Entomol. 265-270.
2000 The extracellular hyaluronidase gene (hylA) of Streptococcus pyogenesFEMS Microbiol Lett. 109-112.
1999 Nucleotide sequence of the streptococcin A-FF22 lantibiotic regulon: model for production of the lantibiotic SA-FF22 by strains of Streptococcus pyogenesFEMS Microbiol Lett. 171-177.
1998 Control of bacterial infections in the hard tick Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae): evidence for the existence of antimicrobial proteins in tick hemolymphJ Med Entomol. 458-464.
1995 Analysis of a second bacteriophage hyaluronidase gene from Streptococcus pyogenes: evidence for a third hyaluronidase involved in extracellular enzymatic activityInfect Immun. 3015-3020.
1994 Duplication of the lantibiotic structural gene in M-type 49 group A streptococcus strains producing streptococcin A-M49Appl Environ Microbiol. 4207-4209.
1993 Cloning of the gene encoding Streptococcin A-FF22, a novel lantibiotic produced by Streptococcus pyogenes, and determination of its nucleotide sequenceAppl Environ Microbiol. 1969-1971.
1989 Sequence analysis and expression in Escherichia coli of the hyaluronidase gene of Streptococcus pyogenes bacteriophage H4489AInfect Immun. 533-539.


Year Title
2014 How ticks control microbes: innate immune responsesBiology of Ticks. Oxford University Press.
2001 Tick immunity to microbial infections: control of representative bacteria in the hard tick Dermacentor variabilis (Acrai: Ixodidae)Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress. Melborne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Conference Papers

Year Title
2010 Application of Low Temperature Plasma Jets in Dental Hygiene

Education And Training

  • Ph.D. in Microbiology, Otago University 1985
  • Full Name

  • Wayne Hynes