• Received his B.S. degree in physics and chemistry, his M.S. and his Ph.D. (1996) in Materials Science and Engineering all from the University of Nantes (France). After receiving his Ph.D., he worked for the University of Nantes until 2000 as an Assistant Professor. He then joined as a Researcher the University of Delaware and the University of Hawaii from 2000 to 2004. In 2005, he joined the University of Toledo where he became Associate Professor in 2008. He joined Old Dominion University in 2011. His current research interests include studying new inorganic materials for renewable energy applications, developing innovative tools for in-situ and real-time analysis, and developing novel architectures and techniques for the fabrication of flexible and high efficiency solar cells.
  • Selected Publications

    Articles In Academic Journals

    Year Title
    2018 Bandgap profiling in CIGS solar cells via valence electron energy-loss spectroscopyJournal of Applied Physics. 1-6.
    2018 Real Time Spectroscopic Ellipsometry Analysis of First Stage CuIn1?xGaxSe2 Growth: Indium-Gallium Selenide Co-EvaporationMaterials.
    2017 Nanostructure evolution of magnetron sputtered hydrogenated silicon thin filmsJournal of Applied Physics. 075302.
    2017 Optical simulation of external quantum efficiency spectra of cuin1- xgaxse2 solar cells from spectroscopic ellipsometry inputsJournal of Energy Chemistry.
    2017 Spectroscopic ellipsometry for analysis of polycrystalline thin-film photovoltaic devices and prediction of external quantum efficiencyApplied Surface Science. 601-607.
    2015 Characterization of Structure and Growth Evolution for nc-Si:H in the Tandem Photovoltaic Device ConfigurationIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics. 1516-1522.
    2015 Development of a Solar Photovoltaic Module Emulator42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2015 Direct nm-scale spatial mapping of traps in CIGSIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics. 1482-1486.
    2015 Effect of Molybdenum Deposition Temperature on the Performance of CuIn1-xGaxSe2 Based Solar Cells42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2015 Effect of Substrate Temperature on Sputtered Molybdenum Film as a Back Contact for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2015 Optimization of Antireflective coatings for CIGS solar cells via Real Time Spectroscopic Ellipsometry42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2015 Properties of Cu(In,Ga,Al)Se2 thin films fabricated by pulsed laser depositionJournal of Materials Science - Materials in Electronic. 1743-1747.
    2014 Development of a String Level Fault Detection System for Solar Tracking Applications40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2014 Development of a String Level I-V Curve Tracer40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2014 Effect of selenium evaporation rate on ultrathin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 films40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2014 Growth Studies and Characterization of Atomic Layer Deposited (Zn,Mg)S Thin Films for Solar cell Applications40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2014 Nitrogen Doped Chalcopyrites as Contacts to CdTe Photovoltaics40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2014 Non-destructive optical analysis of band gap profile, crystalline phase, and grain size for Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells deposited by 1-, 2-, and 3-stage co-evaporationProgress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 77-82.
    2014 Real time Spectroscopic Ellipsometry Studies of ultrathin CIGS films deposited by 1-stage, 2-stage and 3-stage co-evaporation process40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2014 Real time spectroscopic ellipsometry for analysis and control of thin film polycrystalline semiconductor deposition in photovoltaicsThin Solid Films. 442-446.
    2014 Real-Time, In-Line, and Mapping Spectroscopic Ellipsometry for Applications in Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 MetrologyIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics. 333-339.
    2014 Smart Combiner for Fixed Commercial Photovoltaic Systems Using Power Line Communication40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2013 Comparative study of ZnS thin films deposited by CBD and ALD as a buffer layer for CIGS solar cell39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2013 Correlations between mapping spectroscopic ellipsometry results and solar cell performance for evaluations of nonuniformity in thin-film silicon photovoltaicsIEEE J. Photovolt.. 387-393.
    2013 Large-area compositional mapping of Cu(In1?xGax)Se2 materials and devices with spectroscopic ellipsometryIEEE J. Photovolt.. 359-363.
    2013 Multi layered anti-reflective coatings for ultra-thin CIGS solar cells39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2013 Multichannel Spectroscopic Ellipsometry for CdTe Photovoltaics: From Real-Time Monitoring to Large-Scale Mapping39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2013 Nitrogen Doped Chalcopyrites as Contacts to CdTe Photovoltaics39th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference.
    2013 Optical Monitoring and Control of Three-Stage Coevaporated Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 by Real-Time Spectroscopic EllipsometryIEEE J. Photovolt.. 375-80.
    2007 Analysis and optimization of thin film photovoltaic materials and device fabrication by real time spectroscopic ellipsometryProceedings of the SPIE Optics and Photonics Conference San Diego, USA, August 26-30 2007.

    Conference Papers

    Year Title
    2017 A PV module emulator based on GaN devices with over 99% peak efficiency
    2017 CuIn1-xGaxSe2 solar cells with thin absorbers analyzed by spectroscopic ellipsometry: Insights into quantum efficiency and optical/collection losses
    2017 High speed mapping of Ga compositional profiles in CuIn1-xGaxSe2 solar cells by spectroscopic ellipsometry
    2017 In-situ and ex-situ characterizations of CIGS solar cells with KF post deposition treatment
    2017 Optimization of multi-layered anti-reflective coatings for ultra-thin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells

    Research Overview

  • Research Interests:- Solar cells - Inorganic Materials synthesis and deposition- Materials and Devices Characterization- Thin films and devices fabrication
  • Grants

  • SoLar Engineering Academic Program  awarded by National Science Foundation 2014 - 2019
  • Hybrid Solid and Gas Phase Deposition of Hydrogenated Silicon for Photovoltaic  awarded by Office of Naval Research (UToledo) 2015 - 2018
  • Generalizable Mechanistic Understanding of Module-level Light-, Moisture- and Thermal-Induced Instabilities in CIGS Photovoltaics  awarded by Department of Energy (UIUC) 2015 - 2017
  • Virginia Solar Pathways  awarded by Department of Energy 2015 - 2017
  • MRI Consortium: Acquisition of a Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting System for Multidisciplinary Research and Education  awarded by National Science Foundation 2014 - 2017
  • ODU&TCC Photovoltaic Training/Research Facility  awarded by The Oak Hill Fund 2014 - 2016
  • ODU-TCC Virginia Beach Photovoltaic Facility  awarded by The Oak Hill Fund 2014 - 2016
  • Development of a test facility for Photovoltaic systems  awarded by Dominion Virginia Resources 2013 - 2016
  • Collaborative Research: Developing a Student Learning Strategy to Bridge Virtual Learning and Hands-on Activity in Organic Solar Energy Education  awarded by National Science Foundation 2013 - 2015
  • Novel Contact Materials for Improved Voltage and Performance in CdTe Solar Cells  awarded by Department of Energy (UIUC) 2012 - 2015
  • High throughput CIGS solar cell fabrication via ultra-thin absorber layer with optical confinement and (Cd, CBD)-free heterojunction partner  awarded by Department of Energy 2011 - 2015
  • Advanced Single Axis Solar Tracking System for Enhanced Energy Generation  awarded by Center for Innovative Technology, Commonwealth Research Commercialization Fund, Matching Funds Program 2014
  • Smart combiner for fixed commercial photovoltaic systems  awarded by Center for Innovative Technology (CRCF) 2013 - 2014
  • Embedded Health Monitoring for Large-scale Solar Power Systems  awarded by Commonwealth Research Commercialization Fund 2012 - 2013
  • Trabant Rooftop Tracking HT-60  awarded by Trabant Solar 2012 - 2013
  • CIGS Solar Cell Deposition and Substrate Analysis Phase 2  awarded by Nippon Engineering Glass 2011 - 2012
  • Installation of a Roof-top tracking photovoltaic system at Old Dominion University  awarded by Trabant Solar 2011 - 2012
  • Rapidly deployable solar electricity and fuel sources  awarded by Department of Defense 2011 - 2012
  • Roof-top tracking photovoltaic system as a learning tool for engineering students  awarded by Dominion Power 2011 - 2012
  • Thin Film & Next Generation PV Devices  awarded by Department of Defense 2011 - 2012
  • Enhancement of Virginia Beach Photovoltaic Facility  awarded by Oak Hill Fund 2014 -
  • Virginia Beach Photovoltaic Facility  awarded by Oak Hill Fund 2014 -
  • Education And Training

  • Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering, University of Nantes 1996
  • M.S. in Materials Science and Engineering, University of Nantes 1993
  • B.S. in Physics and Chemistry, University of Nantes 1992
  • Full Name

  • Sylvain Marsillac