Selected Publications

Articles In Academic Journals

Year Title
2016 Monitoring high-risk sex offenders with GPSCriminal justice studies. 1-20.
2016 The effects of social and educational disadvantage on the roles and functions of school resource officersPolicing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 521-535.
2015 Alcohol outlets and neighborhood crime: a longitudinal analysisCrime & Delinquency. 851-872.
2015 Conceptualizing crimes against older persons: elder abuse, domestic violence, white-collar offending, or just regular ‘old’crimeJournal of Crime and Justice. 27-41.
2014 Banking Options and Neighborhood Crime: Does Fringe Banking Increase Neighborhood Crime?American Journal of Criminal Justice. 549-570.
2013 Churches as neighborhood organizations and their relationship to street and domestic violent crime: The role of denomination, stability, and heterogeneityDeviant Behavior. 803-823.
2011 Fear of crime revisited: Examining the direct and indirect effects of disorder, risk perception, and social capitalAmerican Journal of Criminal Justice. 120-137.
2011 Opiate-addicted parents in methadone treatment: long-term recovery, health, and family relationshipsJournal of addictive diseases. 17-26.
2010 Don’t help victims of crime if you don’t have the time: Assessing support for Good Samaritan lawsJournal of Criminal Justice. 790-795.
2010 Neighborhood disadvantage and refusal of formal services among cases reported to adult protection servicesJournal of evidence-based social work. 348-360.
2009 Don’t help victims of crime if you don’t have the time: Assessing support for Good Samaritan lawsJournal of Criminal Justice. 790-795.
2009 Gender, victimisation, perceived risk and perceptions of police performance in disadvantaged neighbourhoodsInternational Journal of Police Science & Management. 306-323.
2009 Mapping Elder Mistreatment Cases: Interactions Between Mistreatment, Dementia, Service Utilization, Access to Services, and DisadvantageJournal of human behavior in the social environment. 1025-1041.
2008 An Empowered Approach to Developing a Youth Violence Prevention Plan: A Case Study in Small but Growing Rural CommunityCrime Prevention and Community Safety. 249-270.
2008 An empowered approach to developing a youth violence prevention plan: A case study in a small but growing rural communityCrime Prevention & Community Safety. 249-270.
2008 Guns, Offense Type and Virginia Exile: Should Gun Reduction Policies focus on Specific OffensesCriminal Justice Policy Review. 196-214.
2007 All in the family: Gender, family crimes, and later criminalityWomen & Criminal Justice. 73-89.
2007 Attitudes About the Police and Neighborhood Safety in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods: The Influence of Criminal Victimization and Perceptions of a Drug ProblemCriminal Justice Review. 142-155.
2007 Teaching Parenting Skills in a Methadone Treatment SettingSocial Work Research. 185-190.
2006 Caregiver Burden, Elder Abuse, and Alzheimer’s DiseaseJournal of Health and Human Services Administration. 245-259.
2006 Caregiver burden, elder abuse and Alzheimer’s disease: Testing the relationshipJournal of Health and Human Services Administration. 245-259.
2006 Police Chiefs' and Students' Attitudes Concerning Miranda WarningsJournal of Criminal Justice. 653-660.
2006 Police chiefs’ and students’ attitudes about the Miranda warningsJournal of Criminal Justice. 653-660.
2006 The Criminal Justice Response to Elder Abuse in Nursing Homes: A Routine Activities PerspectiveWestern Criminology Review. 67-81.
2005 All in the Family: Gender Family Crimes and Later CriminalityWomen and Criminal Justice. 73-90.
2005 Differentiating Self-Neglect as a Type of Elder Mistreatment: How Do These Cases Compare to Traditional Type of Elder MistreatmentJournal of Elder Abuse and Neglect.
2005 Differentiating self-neglect as a type of elder mistreatment: How do these cases compare to traditional types of elder mistreatment?Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect. 21-36.
2005 Exercising Options: An Assessment of the Use of Alternative Sanctions for Drug OffendersJustice Quarterly. 488-520.
2005 Images of Danger: The Role of Typescripts in Sentencing Drug OffendersCriminology. 435-468.
2005 Social Disorganization and the Ability and Willingness to Enact Control: A Preliminary TestWestern Criminology Review. 89-103.
2004 "What Drives Punitive Beliefs?: Demographic Characteristics and Justifications for Sentencing"Journal of Criminal Justice. 195-206.
2004 Social Disorganization, Legitimacy of Local Institutions and Neighborhood CrimeJournal of Crime and Justice. 33-60.
2004 Social and Governmental Altruism, Deterrence Theory, and Nursing Home Regulatory Violations: A State-Level AnalysisJournal of Crime and Justice. 59-78.
2004 Social and Governmental Altrusim, Deterrence Theory, and Nursing Home Regulatory Violations: A State-Level AnalysisJournal of Crime and Justice. 59-78.
2004 “Ancillary Consequences of Employee Theft”Journal of Criminal Justice. 63-73.
2004 “Neighborhood Characteristics and Crime: A Test of Sampson and Groves’ Model of Social Disorganization”Western Criminology Review. 1-16.
2004 “The Electronic Monitoring of Offenders Released from Jail or Prison: Safety, Control, and Comparisons to the Incarceration Experience”The Prison Journal. 413-435.
2003 "Justifications for the Probation Sanction among Residents of Virginia: Cool or Uncool?"Federal Probation. 42-48.
2003 "Understanding and Developing Controversial Issues in College Courses"College Teaching. 52-58.
2003 Electronic monitoring and newspaper coverage in the press: A content analysisJournal of Crime and Justice. 133-156.
2003 Neighborhood Characteristics and Crime: A Test of Sampson and Groves’ Model of Social DisorganizationWestern Criminological Review. 1-16.
2003 “Changing Attitudes Toward House Arrest with Electronic Monitoring: The Impact of a Single Presentation”International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 196-209.
2003 “Discretion and Disparity under Sentencing Guidelines: The Role of Departures and Structured Sentencing Alternatives”Criminology. 99-130.
2003 “Electronic Monitoring and Newspaper Coverage in the Press”Journal of Crime and Justice. 133-156.
2003 “Institutional Strength, Social Control and Neighborhood Crime Rates”Theoretical Criminology. 421-438.
2003 “The Influence of Demographic Factors on the Experience of House Arrest”Federal Probation. 64-70.
2002 The influence of demographic factors on the experience of house arrestFed. Probation. 64.
2001 "Fear of Crime Among Rural Youth: Testing the Generality of Urban Models to Rural Areas”Sociological Focus. 269-286.
2000 "Teaching Controversial Issues in Criminal Justice Courses”Journal of Criminal Justice Education.
2000 Developing and dealing with controversial issues in criminal justice coursesJournal of Criminal Justice Education. 313-325.
2000 Electronic monitoring: Philosophical, systemic, and political issuesJournal of Offender Rehabilitation. 93-111.
2000 Is good-time appropriate for offenders on electronic monitoring?: attitudes of electronic monitoring directorsJournal of Criminal Justice. 497-506.
2000 The relationships between time in jail, time on electronic monitoring, and recidivism: An event history analysis of a jail-based programJustice Quarterly. 733-752.
2000 Understanding the experience of house arrest with electronic monitoring: An analysis of quantitative and qualitative dataInternational Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 84-96.
2000 “A Quantitative and Qualitative Examination of Offenders’ Experiences on Electronic Monitoring”International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 84-96.
2000 “Conceptualizing Legally-Relevant Factors Under Guidelines: A Reply to Ulmer”Criminology. 1245-1252.
2000 “Is Good-Time Appropriate for Offenders on Electronic Monitoring: Attitudes of Monitoring Directors”Journal of Criminal Justice. 1-10.
2000 “Modeling the Effects of Legally-Relevant and Extra-Legal Factors Under Sentencing Guidelines: The Rules Have Changed”Criminology. 1207-1230.
2000 “The State of Electronic Monitoring in America”Journal of Offender Rehabilitation. 1-10.
2000 “Time in Jail, Time on Electronic Monitoring, and Recidivism: An Event History Analysis”Justice Quarterly. 733-752.
1999 "Experimental Intervention with Families of Substance Abusers: One Year Follow-up of the Focus on Families Project"Addiction. 241-254.
1999 "How Monitoring Punishes"Journal of Offender Monitoring. 23-26.
1999 Attitudes toward electronic monitoring among monitored offenders and criminal justice studentsJournal of Offender Rehabilitation. 195-208.
1999 “Attitudes Towards Electronic Monitoring Among Monitored Offenders and Criminal Justice Students”Journal of Offender Monitoring. 195-208.
1998 "A Meta-Analysis of Patient Factors Associated with Continued Drug Use During and After Treatment for Opiate Addiction”Addiction. 73-92.
1998 "A Qualitative Assessment of the Pains Experienced on Electronic Monitoring"International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology. 149-163.
1998 "Bonding in a High-Risk and a General Sample of Children: Comparison of Measures of Attachment and Their Relationship to Smoking and Drinking"Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 59-81.
1998 "Effectiveness of Primary Prevention Interventions with High Risk Youth"NIDA Research Monograph Series 176, Cost-Benefit/Cost-Effectiveness Research of Drug Abuse: Implications for Programming and Policy. 83-110.
1998 "Testing Gottfredson and Hirschi's 'Low Self-Control' Stability Hypothesis"American Journal of Criminal Justice. 107-127.
1997 "Deviance Among the Children of Heroin Addicts in Treatment: Impact of Parents and Peers"Deviant Behavior: An Interdisciplinary Journal.
1997 "Parent Drug Use and Bonding to Parents as Predictors of Substance Use in Children of Substance Abusers"Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse. 75-86.
1997 "Reducing Parental Risk Factors for Children's Substance Misuse: Preliminary Outcomes with Addicted Parents"Substance Use & Misuse. 699-721.
1995 "Participation in a Parent Training Program for Methadone Clients"Addictive Behaviors. 117-125.
1995 "The Social Networks of Cocaine Users Seeking Treatment"Addiction Research. 17-32.
1994 "Outpatient Treatment for Cocaine Abuse: A Controlled Comparison of Relapse Prevention and Twelve-Step Approaches"American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1-17.
1993 "Predicting Treatment Retention Among Cocaine Users"International Journal of the Addictions. 487-506.

Books

Year Title
2009 Family Violence and Criminal Justice: A Life-Course Approach
2005 Drugs and Policing: Scientific Approach
2005 Drugs and Policing: A Scientific Perspective
2005 Family Violence and Criminal Justice: A Life Course Approach (2nd Edition)

Chapters

Year Title
2008 “The Electronic Monitoring of Offenders Released from Jail or Prison: Safety, Control, and Comparisons to the Incarceration Experience”Corrections: A Text/Reader. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publishing.

Grants

  • Smart Supervision Project  awarded by Virginia Office of the Attorney General 2017 - 2019
  • Improving access to Broadband for Rural Cmmunities through 5G Investments  awarded by Hogan Lowells US LLP 2018
  • Suffolk Police Hot-spot Evaluation  awarded by City of Suffolk 2017 - 2018
  • Policing The Drinking Community: A Propensity Score Matched, Multilevel Assessment of The War On Drunk Driving (1983-2013)  awarded by Old Dominion University 2016 - 2017
  • Portsmouth Violence and Crime Reversal Initiative - Public Safety Needs Assessment  awarded by City of Portsmouth 2016 - 2017
  • City of Suffolk Justice Assistance Grant  awarded by City of Suffolk 2015 - 2016
  • Resident Survey and Crime Analyses for Suffolk, VA  awarded by City of Suffolk, VA 2014
  • Evaluation of California's GPS Monitoring of High-RIsk Sex Offenders  awarded by National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Grant #2007-IJ-CX-0048 2012
  • City of Norfolk Comprehensive Community Youth Violence and Gang Assessment  awarded by City of Norfolk 2011
  • Final Report on the Evaluation of the Boys Town Short-term Residential Treatment PRogram  awarded by National Institute of Justice (NIJ) Grant #2004-IJ-CX-0029 2010
  • Proposal to Conduct a Comprehensive Youth Assessment Project  awarded by City of Norfolk Department of Human Services 2010
  • Proposal to Conduct a Comprehensive Youth Assessment Project for the City of Norfolk  awarded by City of Norfolk Department of Human Services 2010
  • Multidisciplinary Seed Grant, Quality of Life - 2007
  • Collaboration Research: Social Service Programs Offered by Churches: The Effects on Neighborhood Crime  awarded by National Science Foundation 2010 - 2006
  • Collaboration Research: Social Service Programs Offered by Churches: The Effects on Neighborhood Crime  awarded by National Science Foundation - 2006
  • College Summer Grant: Assessing Nursing Home Violations - 2006
  • Reward-based traffic enforcement: An effectiveness trial for increasing safety-belt use  awarded by National Science Foundation - 2006
  • Suffolk Initiative on Youth: An Empowerment Approach - 2006
  • A Proposal to Conduct a Workforce Study of Early Care/Education Providers in South Hampton Roads  awarded by Child and Family Services of Eastern Virginia - 2005
  • Assessing Youth Violence Prevention Policies and Programs in the Commonwealth of Virginia  awarded by Virginia Department of Health - 2005
  • Patient Abuse and Other Violations in Nursing Homes: An Examination of the Types of Offenses, the System's Response, and The effectiveness of Traditional Policies, Goals, and Objectives  awarded by National Institute of Justice - 2005
  • "Training Law Enforcement Officials, Court Staff, and Prosecutors to Identify and Respond to Elder Abuse"  awarded by Office on Violence Against Women - 2004
  • Gold Stars for Safety: Testing a Reward Based Approach for Traffic Enforcement  awarded by National Science Foundation - 2004
  • Institutions, Social Control, and Neighborhood Rates of Violent Crime  awarded by National Institute of Justice 2010 - 2003
  • Domestic Violence and Pregnancy: What You Need to Know  awarded by SENTARA - 2003
  • Institutions, Social Control, and Neighborhood Rates of Violent Crime  awarded by National Institute of Justice - 2003
  • The Social Context of Providing Care to Alzheimer’s Patients: Specifying Interactions Between Social Disorganization, Service Utilization, Burden and Mistreatment  awarded by Virginia Center On Aging - 2003
  • Electronic Monitoring in an Age of Truth in Sentencing  awarded by National Institute of Justice - 2000
  • Charging and Sentencing Drug Offenders in Washington State: A Quantitative and Qualitative Assessment  awarded by Washington State Minority and Justice Commission - 1999
  • Race and Ethnic Disparities in Sentencing of Drug Offenders in Washington State: FY1996-1999  awarded by Washington State Minority and Justice Commission - 1999
  • A Seminar on Violence and the Life-Course: A Six Week Seminar at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences  awarded by ODU Faculty Development - 1998
  • Participation at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences: Violence in the Life Course  awarded by Mellon Foundation - 1998
  • "Interracial Contacts and Social Relations of Urban and Rural School Students"  awarded by The Carnegie Corporation 1996 - 1997
  • Interpreting Statistics: What the Books Don't Tell You  awarded by ODU College of Arts and Letters Faculty Grants Program - 1995
  • Portsmouth Crime Reversal Initiative  awarded by City of Portsmouth 2016 -
  • Keywords

  • Criminology/Criminal Justice : Race and Ethnic Disparities in Sentencing / Alternative Sanctions (electronic monitoring) / Life Course Perspectives on Crime and Deviance/ Neighborhood social disorganization and crime.
  • Education And Training

  • Ph.D. in Sociology, University of Washington 1995
  • M.A. in Sociology, Western Washington University 1987
  • B.A. in Sociology, Western Washington University 1985
  • Full Name

  • Randy Gainey