Selected Publications

Articles In Academic Journals

Year Title
2017 Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna lossNature Ecology & Evolution.
2017 The status of Marine Biodiversity in the Eastern Central Atlantic (West and Central Africa)Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 1021-1034.
2016 Assessing the Cost of Global Biodiversity and Conservation KnowledgePLOS ONE.
2016 Key predictors of extinction risk in sea breams and porgies (Family: Sparidae)Biological Conservation. 88-98.
2016 Living on the edge: Vulnerability of coral-dependent fishes in the GulfMarine Pollution Bulletin. 480-488.
2016 Phylogenetic placement of enigmatic percomorph families (Teleostei: Percomorphaceae)Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 565-576.
2016 The application of genomics to inform conservation of a functionally important reef fish (Scarus niger) in the PhilippinesConservation Genetics. 239-249.
2015 A new species of the subfamily Serraninae (Perciformes, Serranidae) from the PhilippinesZootaxa. 287-293.
2015 A popular and potentially sustainable fishery resource under pressure- extinction risk and conservation of Brazilian Sciaenidae (Teleostei: Perciformes)Global Ecology and Conservation. 117-126.
2015 DNA barcoding reveals targeted fisheries for endangered sharks in IndonesiaFisheries Research. 130-134.
2014 Basin isolation and oceanographic features influencing lineage divergence in the humbug damselfish (Dascyllus aruanus) in the Coral TriangleBulletin of Marine Science.
2014 Concordance between phylogeographic and biogeographic boundaries in the Coral Triangle: conservation implications based on comparative analyses of multiple giant clam speciesBulletin of Marine Science.
2014 Concordant phylogenetic patterns inferred from mitochondrial and microsatellite DNA in the giant clam Tridacna croceaBulletin of Marine Science.
2014 Evolution of the freshwater sardinella, Sardinella tawilis (Clupeiformes: Clupeidae), in Lake Taal, Philippines and phylogeography of its sister-species, Sardinella hualiensisBulletin of Marine Science.
2014 Extinction risk and conservation of the world's sharks and rayseLife.
2014 Hidden Diversity in Sardines: Genetic and Morphological Evidence for Cryptic Species in the Goldstripe Sardinella, Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker, 1849)PLOS ONE. e84719.
2014 Phylogeography Unplugged: Comparative geographic surveys in the genomic eraBulletin of Marine Science.
2014 Specimen collection: An essential toolScience. 814-815.
2014 The influence of pearl oyster farming on reef fish abundance and diversity in Ahe, French PolynesiaMarine Pollution Bulletin.
2013 Conus: First Comprehensive Conservation Red List Assessment of a Marine Gastropod Mollusc GenusPLoSOne. e83353: 1-12.
2013 Correspondance: Corrected numbers for fish on Red ListNature. 47.
2013 Cranial morphometrics and mitochondrial DNA sequences distinguish cryptic species of the longface emperor (Lethrinus olivaceus), an emblematic fish of Indo-West Pacific coral reefsComptes Rendus Biologies. 505-514.
2013 Dynamics of coral reef recoveryScience. 34-35.
2013 Fascinating and forgotten: the conservation status of Marine elapid snakesHerpetelogical Conservation and Biology. 37-52.
2013 Global conservation status and research needs for tarpons (Megalopidae), ladyfishes (Elopidae) and bonefishes (Albulidae)Fish and Fisheries.
2013 Habitat availability and Heterogeneity and the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool as Predictors of Marine Species Richness in the Tropical Indo-PacificPLOS ONE. 1-18.
2013 Pronounced genetic structure in a highly mobile coral reef fish, Caesio cuning, in the Coral TriangleMarine Ecology Progress Series. 185-197.
2013 The Tree of Life and a New Classification of Bony FishesPLOS Currents Tree of Life. 1-45.
2012 Expansion Dating: Calibrating Molecular Clocks in Marine Species from Expansions onto the Sunda Shelf Following the Last Glacial MaximumMolecular Biology and Evolution. 707-719.
2012 Fishing groupers towards extinction: A global assessment of threats and extinction risk in a billion dollar fisheryFish and Fisheries.
2011 Comparative Phylogeography of the Coral Triangle and Implications for Marine ManagementJournal of Marine Biology.
2011 Conservation Status of Marine Biodiversity in Oceania: an Analysis of Marine Species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesJournal of Marine Biology. 1-14.
2011 Conservation Status of the World’s Hagfish Species and the Loss of Phylogenetic Diversity and Ecosystem FunctionAquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 401-411.
2011 Gulf of Mexico oil blowout increases risks to globally threatened speciesBioscience. 393-397.
2011 High Value and Long Life—Double Jeopardy for Tunas and BillfishesScience. 291-292.
2011 The Impact of Conservation on the Status of the World’s VertebratesScience. 1503-1509.
2010 Biodiversity Assessment of the Fishes of Saba Bank Atoll, Netherlands AntillesPLoS1. 1-37.
2010 Exploitation-related reef fish species richness depletion in the epicenter of marine biodiversityEnvironmental Biology of Fishes. 405-420.
2010 Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent DeclinesScience. 1164-1168.
2010 Saving Saba Bank: Policy Implications of Biodiversity StudiesPLoS1. 1-6.
2010 The Loss of Species: Mangrove Extinction Risk and Geographic Areas of Global ConcernPLoS1. 1-10.
2009 Acanthopagrus randalli (Perciformes: Sparidae), a new black seabream from the Persian GulfZootaxa. 43-54.
2008 One third of reef building corals face extinction from climate change and local impactsScience. 560-563.
2007 A short biography of Peter BleekerThe Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement. 5-6.
2007 Review of the crevalle jacks, Caranx hippos complex (teleosti: Carangidae), with description of a new species from West AfricaFishery Bulletin. 207-233.
2006 Acanthopagrus taiwanensis, a new sparid fish (perciformes), with comparisons to Acanthopagrus berda (Forsskål, 1775) and other nominal species of AcanthopagrusZootaxa. 1-19.
2006 An index of biotic integrity based on the summer polyhaline zooplankton community of the Chesapeake BayMarine Environmental Research. 165-180.
2005 The center of the center of marine shorefish biodiversity: the Philippine IslandsEnvironmental Biology of Fishes. 467-480.
2004 A phylogeny of fishes from the family Sparidae (Perciformes: Percoidei) inferred from mitochondrial sequence dataMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 425-434.
2004 The Swim Bladder and Posterior Lateral Nerve of the Nurseryfish, Kurtus gulliveri (Periformes: Kurtidae)Journal of Morphology. 193-200.
2003 Lethrinus ravus, a new species of emperor fish (Perciformes: Lethrinidae) from the western Pacific and eastern Indian OceansZootaxa. 1-8.
2002 A Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Analysis of the Sparidae (Perciformes: Percoidei) Based on Cytochrome b SequencesCopeia. 618-631.
2002 A phylogeny of emperor snappers based on the Cytochrome b geneJournal of Molecular Evolution. 754-762.
2002 A phylogeny of sparoid fishes (Perciformes: Percoidei) based on morphologyIchthyological Research. 114-127.
2002 Molecular systematics of the jacks (Perciformes: Carangidae) based mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences using parsimony, likelihood, and Bayesian approachesMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 513-524.
2001 Molecular systematics of Selene (Perciformes: Carangidae) based on cytochrome b sequencesMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 486-475.
1995 Scleractinian corals of KuwaitPacific Science. 227-246.
1995 Unstable and stable classifications of Scombroid fishesBull. Mar. Sci.. 379-405.
1993 Observation on the pearl oyster fishery of KuwaitJour. Shellfish Res.. 35-40.
1993 Optimal cladistic and quantitative evolutionary classifications as illustrated by fusilier fishes (Teleostei: Caesionidae)Syst. Biol.. 142-154.
1992 Preliminary observations on the effects of the 1991 Gulf War on fisheriesMarine Pollution Bull. 273-275.
1984 A survey of coral reefs and reef fishes in the northern area, Arabian Gulf, Saudi ArabiaFauna of Saudi Arabia. 102-126.
1980 Three new Labrid fishes of the genus Cirrhilabrus from the Philippines. Rev. Franc. d'AquarRev. Franc. d'Aquar. 17-26.
1977 Philippine coral reef fisheries resources II: The muro ami and kayakas reef fisheries, benefit or bane?Phil. J. Fish. 217-235.

Books

Year Title
2010 Red List Status of Marine Endemic Teleosts (Bony Fishes) of the Philippines.  Global Marine Species Assessment for the Coral Triangle - First Philippine Conservation Inc..
1997 The Corals and Coral Reef Fishes of Kuwait.  Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, Kuwait.
1985 Tuna Fisheries of the Pacific Island Region: A bibliography.  Honolulu: East West Center Press.

Chapters

Year Title
2014 Volume 1: Introduction, crustaceans, chitons, and cephalopodsOceanography, Geology, Biogeography, and Fisheries of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Rome: The Living Marine Resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic.
2012 Spineless: status and trends of the world’s invertebratesMarine Invertebrate Life.. United Kingdom: Zoological Society of London.
2011 Oceans. Heart of Our Blue PlanetOcean Biodiversity. Arlington, Virginia: Earth in Focus Editions.
2009 Wildlife in a Changing World. An analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesStatus of the world’s marine species..
1996 Converting truss interlandmark distances to cartesian coordinatesAdvances in Morphometrics. NATO Advanced Science Series.
1996 Morphometric pattern and feeding mode in emperor fishes (Lethrinidae, Perciformes)Advances in Morphometrics. NATO Advanced Science Series.
1984 The cyprinids of Lake Lanao, Philippines: Taxonomic validity, evolutionary rates and speciation scenariosEvolution of Fish Species Flocks. Oklahoma: Oklahoma State Univ. Press.

Conference Papers

Year Title
1999 The future of ichthyological research in the tropical Indo-Pacific.  683-693.
1986 The effects of water depth and circulation on the water quality and production of Penaeus monodon in earthen ponds.  21-24.
1986 Water quality dynamics in brackishwater shrimp ponds with artificial aeration and circulation.  83-86.
1978 Remote sensing of coral reefs using LANDSAT: follow up studies

Research Overview

  • I am primarily interested in marine conservation biology, the systematics and evolution of marine fishes, and marine biogeography. My research in marine conservation biology centers on the assessment of extinction risk using the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List Criteria. For this purpose, I have assumed the role of Manager of the IUCN Global Marine Species Assessment (GMSA).The GMSA is completing the first global review of every marine vertebrate species, and of selected marine invertebrates and plants, to determine their conservation status and extinction risk. The project involves compiling and analyzing relevant data on approximately 20,000 marine species. As a de facto member of the IUCN Species Programme, I am manager of their Marine Biodiversity Unit. In systematics I have a wide range of interests including alpha taxonomy of fishes, phylogenetic inference, and theory of classification. I prefer to use both morphological and molecular characters for reciprocal illumination in phylogenetic inference. I am most interested in sparoid (porgies, emperor snappers, and threadfin breams), lutjanoid (snappers and fusiliers), haemuloid (grunts), and carangoid (jacks) fishes. My marine biogeographic interests concentrate on the origins of biodiversity in the Indo-West Pacific, with a special interest in the Philippines and the wider Coral Triangle. This has led to studies in comparative marine phylogeography and an NSF funded Partnerships for International Research and Education project (www.sci.odu.edu/impa/ctpire.html) . This project has led me to become interested in the use of Next Generation Sequencing and Advanced Genomics to understand fine-scale population genetic structure and marine connectivity that will be useful for marine conservation purposes. In addition, I intend to use these new methods to investigate adaptive genomics and anthropogenic induced eco-evolutionary processes.
  • Grants

  • PIRE: Centennial genetic and species transformations in the epicenter of marine biodiversity  awarded by National Science Foundation 2017 - 2022
  • Partnerships for International Research and Education: Centennial Genetic and Species Transformations in the Epicenter of Marine Biodiversity  awarded by National Science Foundation 2017 - 2022
  • Global Assessment of Clupeiform Fishes  awarded by World Conservation Union (Iucn) 2016 - 2018
  • Peer 2-7 Supplement: Advanced Genomic Support For Management Decisions In The 3-S River Basin  awarded by The National Academies 2016 - 2018
  • Advanced Genomics for Management Decision in the 3-S Mekong River Basin  awarded by U.S. National Academy of Sciences 2016 - 2017
  • Clupeiformes Global Red List Assessments  awarded by International Union for Conservation of Nature 2016 - 2017
  • Core Support for the Global Marine Species Assessment. New Cost extension  awarded by International Union for Conservation of Nature, Global office Switzerland 2016 - 2017
  • Core Support For Global Marine Species Assessment (Iucn Additional Funding)  awarded by World Conservation Union (Iucn) 2016
  • Core Support for the Global Marine Species Assessment. New Cost extension  awarded by International Union for Conservation of Nature, Global office Switzerland 2015 - 2016
  • Documenting Diversity in the Apex of the Coral Triangle: Inventory of Philippine Marine Biodiversity  awarded by National Science Foundation 2013 - 2016
  • Global Marine Species Assessment Extension  awarded by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) and Conservation International 2010 - 2016
  • Marine Biodiversity And Ecological Threat Patterns In The Arabian Gulf: Applied Research For Marine Conservation  awarded by Qatar University 2015
  • Global Marine Species Assessment Added Core Support  awarded by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) and Conservation International 2014 - 2015
  • Thomas W. Haas Foundation for Marine Conservation  awarded by Thomas W. Haas Foundation 2014 - 2015
  • Qatar University  awarded by Qatar National Research Foundation 2013 - 2015
  • IUCN Gulf of Mexico Species Spatial Analyses  awarded by National Fish and Wildlife Service 2013 - 2014
  • Thomas W. Haas Foundation for Marine Conservation  awarded by Thomas W. Haas Foundation 2013 - 2014
  • Pan-Pacific Advanced Study Institute  awarded by National Science Foundation 2012 - 2014
  • Determining the effects of cultured pearl farming on shorefish biodiversity in lagoon environments of French Polynesia  awarded by National Geographic Waitt Grant 2012 - 2013
  • Thomas W. Haas Foundation for Marine Conservation  awarded by Thomas W. Haas Foundation 2012 - 2013
  • Catalyzing New International Collaborations: Broadening PIRE Success in Southeast Asia to Test Hypotheses of the Origins of Coral Triangle and Sunda Shelf Marine Biodiversity and Build Collaborations in Vietnam and Thailand  awarded by National Science Foundation, Planning Visit 2011 - 2013
  • GMSA Assessment of Habitat Forming Bivalves  awarded by ODURF/Project Code 514331 2011 - 2012
  • Assembling the Euteleost Tree of Life  awarded by National Science Foundation 2008 - 2012
  • PIRE: Origins of High Marine Biodiversity in the Indo-Malay-Philippine Archipelago: Transforming a Biodiversity Hotspot into a Research and Education Hotspot  awarded by National Science Foundation 2007 - 2012
  • Global Marine Species Assessment  awarded by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) and Conservation International 2007 - 2011
  • Global Marine Species Assessment  awarded by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) and Conservation International 2005 - 2006
  • Revision of FAO identification guide for the Eastern Central Atlantic  awarded by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2004 - 2005
  • Marine Protected Area (MPA) Gap Analysis: Caribbean GIS Database  awarded by The World Conservation Union (IUCN) 2004
  • Species Identification Field Guide to Angola  awarded by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2003 - 2004
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Zooplankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2003
  • Update of status and trends in water quality and living resources in the Virginia Cheseapeake Bay through 2002  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2003
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Zooplankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. Env. Quality 2002
  • FAO of the United Nations project to revise the Species Identification Guide to Living Marine Resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic  awarded by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Amendment . 2002
  • Species Identification Guide to Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic  awarded by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Amendment. 2002
  • Update of status and trends in water quality and living resources in the Virginia Cheseapeake Bay through 2001  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2002
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Zooplankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2001
  • Species Identification Guide to Living Marine Resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic  awarded by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2001
  • Update of status and trends in water quality and living resources in the Virginia Cheseapeake Bay through 2000  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2001
  • FAO of the United Nations project to revise the Species Identification Guide to Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic  awarded by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2000 - 2001
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Zooplankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. Env. Quality 2000
  • Plankton Field Sampling Coordination  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2000
  • Plankton split sampling program  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2000
  • Update of status and trends in water quality and living resources in the Virginia Cheseapeake Bay through 1999  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2000
  • Zooplankton Data Analysis  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 2000
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Zooplankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1999
  • Plankton sampling Enhancement  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1999
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Zooplankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1998
  • Field guide to the living marine resources of Namibia  awarded by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 1998
  • Plankton split sampling for the Maryland and Virginia monitoring programs  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1998
  • Update of status and trends in water quality and living resources in the Virginia Cheseapeake Bay through 1998  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1998
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Zooplankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1997
  • Development of a Real-Time Data Interpretation System for Special Reports and Presentations for the Chesapeake Bay Program  awarded by Va. Dept. Of Enviro. Quality 1997
  • Development of a Uniform Bay-Wide Zooplankton Diversity Index  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1997
  • Implement Collection of Zooplankton Community Ash Free Dry Weight Biomass Estimates  awarded by Va. Dept. Of Environ. Quality 1997
  • Participation in Conference Calls and Meetings in Support of the 1997 Reevaluation  awarded by Va. Dept. Of Enviro. Quality 1997
  • Representation of Virginia Monitoring Program at Chesapeake Bay Program Subcommittee and workshop Meetings  awarded by Va. Dept. Of Enviro. Quality 1997
  • Chesapeake Bay Monitoring Program - Plankton Monitoring Component  awarded by Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality 1996
  • Education And Training

  • Ph.D. in Zoology, University of Hawaii at Manoa 1985
  • B.S. in Biology, Florida Institute of Technology 1975
  • Full Name

  • Kent Carpenter