• Holly Ann Heine Handley is an Associate Professor in the Engineering Management and System Engineering Department at Old Dominion University. Dr. Handley applies engineering principles and experience in computational modeling to support projects in human systems engineering research and development. She develops models and methodologies to better represent the human component of socio-technical systems. She is currently part of the committee developing HSI industry-wide standards and was also a member of the original NATO panel to develop the Human Viewpoint for system architecture development. Currently her Human System Engineering Laboratory @ ODU is investigating questions on the balance of human roles and automation and the implications for personnel capabilities and manpower requirements across systems and organizations.
  • Selected Publications

    Articles In Academic Journals

    Year Title
    2018 A workload model to evaluate distracters and driver's aidsInternational Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 18-36.
    2018 Work process improvement through simulation optimization of task assignment and mental workloadISI Journal: Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory.
    2017 Trust and the compliance-reliance paradigm: The effects of risk, error bias, and reliability on trust and dependence behaviorsHuman factors. 333-345.
    2016 A Design Methodology for Fit-for-Purpose Human ViewsSystems Engineering. 498-509.
    2016 Non Legacy Viewpoint for DoDAF System of Systems ArchitectureJournal of Defense Modeling & Simulation: Applications, Methodology, Technology. 415-429.
    2016 Trust and the Compliance-Reliance Paradigm: The Effects of Risk, Error Bias, and Reliability on Trust and DependenceHuman Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 333-345.
    2014 Where are the People? The Human View Approach for Architecting and AcquisitionDefense Acquisition Research Journal. 851-874.
    2013 A Network Model for Human InteroperabilityHuman Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 349-360.
    2012 Incorporating The NATO Human View in the DoDAF 2.0 Meta ModelSystems Engineering. 108-117.
    2012 Introduction to the Special Edition: Challenges, Solutions and ResearchInternational Journal of Critical Infrastructures. 91-94.
    2010 Collaborative Multinational Mission Planning System with Support for Macrocognitive processes. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomic Science.Taylor & Fancis. 375-386.
    2010 Human View Dynamics - The NATO ApproachSystems Engineering. 1-8.
    2004 An Integrative Decision Space Model for Simulation of Cultural Differences in Human Decision-Making.Information Knowledge Systems Management. 95-105.
    2003 Organizational Architectures and Mission Requirements: A Model to Determine CongruenceSystems Engineering. 184-194.
    2001 A Model to Evaluate the Effect of Organizational AdaptationComputational and Mathematical Organization Theory. 5-44.
    2001 Incorporating Heterogeneity in Command Center InteractionsInformation Knowledge Systems Management. 297-309.
    1999 The Use of Simulation Models in Model Driven ExperimentsSystems Engineering. 108-128.


    Year Title
    2008 Modeling Cultural and Organizational Factors of Multinational TeamsMacrocognition in Teams: Theories and Methodologies. Ashgate Publishing.

    Conference Papers

    Year Title
    2018 Hybridizing Meta-RaPS with Machine Learning Algorithms
    2017 Comparison of Alternate Human Viewpoints.  1716-1719.
    2017 Defining Human Capability from Soldier and Task Data.  791-795.
    2016 A Process for DoDAF Based Systems Architecting
    2016 An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Mandatory Training among the US Defense Acquisition Workforce
    2016 Levels of SysML Compatibility for Collaborative Human System Development
    2016 Outcome-based Competency Model for Systems Engineering Training
    2015 Data-centric Development of Architecture Models with the DM2 and MBSDF.
    2014 Employee Task Assignments for Organizational Modeling: A Review of Models and Applications
    2014 Human System Engineering Applications from Distracted Driving Simulations
    2013 Using Architecture Models to Design Adaptive Socio-Technical Systems
    2012 Modeling and Evaluating Role and Team Work Processes
    2011 A Human View Model for Socio-Technical Interactions
    2011 Teaching Interactively Using Web-Conferencing: The Student Perspective
    2009 Human-Centered Design in System Engineering Analysis: Human View Methodology and Dynamics
    2009 NATO Human View Architecture and Human Networks
    2008 HSI in Network Enabled Capability (NEC): The Human View
    2006 Multiple Criteria to Evaluate Decision Support Outcomes
    2005 Multicultural Considerations in Work Processes
    2005 Separate Sides of the Same Coin: Organization Design and (Good) Design of a Decision Support Tool.
    2004 Including Organizational Cultural Parameters in Work Processes
    2003 Modeling for Future Command and Control Architectures
    2002 A Task Process Pre-experimental Model
    2002 Continuity in Dynamic Coalition Operations
    2001 Levels of Interoperability in Coalition Systems
    2000 On Organizational Adaptation via Dynamic Process Selection
    1999 The Use of Simulation Models in Experimentation
    1998 Pre-experimental Modeling of Adaptive Organizational Architectures
    1995 Using the Internet to Provide Support for Distributed Interactions.
    1989 Gabriel: A Design Environment for Programmable DSPs

    Research Overview

  • Human Viewpoint for System ArchitecturesSimulation Modeling of Human System InteractionsOptimization of Task Assignments and Operator Workload
  • Grants

  • HUMAN VIEWPOINT SUPPORT FOR NEXT GENERATION COMBAT VEHICLE MODELS  awarded by Alion Science & Technology 2018 - 2019
  • Support for Army HSI Enterprise Workbook, Phase III  awarded by US Army HSI Office 2018 - 2019
  • Support for Army HSI Enterprise Workbook, Phase II  awarded by US Army HSI Office 2017 - 2018
  • Modeling and Predicting Human Behavior for Better System Design  awarded by US Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate 2016 - 2017
  • Support for Army HSI Enterprise Workbook, Extension  awarded by US Army HSI Office 2016 - 2017
  • Model Based Soldier Decision Framework  awarded by US Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate 2015 - 2016
  • Support for Army HSI Enterprise Workbook  awarded by US Army HSI Office 2015 - 2016
  • Implementation of a Non Legacy DoDAF Viewpoint, Phase II  awarded by Exostrategies, Inc 2014 - 2015
  • Integrating the Human View and IMPRINT  awarded by US Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate 2014 - 2015
  • Human View Data Maps  awarded by US Army HSI Office 2014
  • Human View Models to support Volvo Human Machine Interfaces  awarded by Volvo Technology of America 2014
  • Implementation of a Non Legacy DoDAF Viewpoint  awarded by Exostrategies, Inc 2013 - 2014
  • HSI Support to DoD Biometrics Phase II  awarded by Leonard Wood Institute 2013
  • LEM-V PED Modeling  awarded by US Army HSI Office 2013
  • HSI Support to DoD Biometrics Phase I  awarded by Leonard Wood Institute 2012
  • STTR N11A-T031 Multi-Perspective Decision Making in a Networked Environment with Pacific Science & Engineering Group  awarded by Office of Naval Research 2011 - 2012
  • ARL Metrics Follow on Project for the US Army Research Lab  awarded by Alion 2011
  • IMPRINT Metrics Follow on Project  awarded by US Army Research Laboratory, Human Research and Engineering Directorate 2011
  • Expertise Keywords

  • Engineering : Human System Engineering, System Dynamics, Human Performance Modeling
  • Education And Training

  • Ph.D. in Information Technology and Engineering, George Mason University 1999
  • M.B.A. in Management Information Systems, University of Hawaii 1995
  • M.S. in Electrical Engineering, University of California, Berkeley 1987
  • B.S. in Electrical Engineering, Clarkson College 1984
  • Full Name

  • Holly Handley