Overview

  • Received his BS degree from the University of Miami, Florida, in December 1979, his MS and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois in January 1982 and January 1985, respectively, all in electrical engineering. Upon graduation, he worked as a visiting assistant professor at the University of Illinois conducting research in the areas of gas discharges and thin film deposition. In December 1985, he joined the Laboratory for Laser Energetics at the University of Rochester as a scientist. At Rochester he worked on femtosecond and picosecond laser probing of electronic and structural properties of material surfaces and thin films. He joined Old Dominion University in December 1992 and he is currently Batten Endowed Professor and Eminent Scholar of Electrical Engineering. His current research interests are mainly in laser-solid interactions, ultrafast laser probing of surface and thin film reactions, and thin film fabrication and characterization. He authored and co-authored 120 refereed journal articles and holds 2 patents. He was the recipient of the ODU 16th Annual Faculty Research Award in 2000, Excellence in Innovation in Hampton Roads Award from the Hampton Roads Technology Council in 2006, and the ODU Doctoral Mentoring Award in 2012.
  • Selected Publications

    Articles In Academic Journals

    Year Title
    2018 Optical emission spectroscopy of carbon laser plasma ion sourceOptics Communications. 134-140.
    2018 The influence of nitrogen pressure on formation of niobium nitride by thermal processingJournal of Alloys and Compounds. 370-376.
    2017 Characterization of laser-generated aluminum plasma using ion time-of-flight and optical emission spectroscopyJournal of Applied Physics.
    2017 The effect of heat treatment on structural and electronic properties of niobium nitride prepared by a thermal diffusion methodSurface & Coatings Technology. 54-58.
    2015 Properties of Cu(In,Ga,Al)Se2 thin films fabricated by pulsed laser depositionJournal of Materials Science - Materials in Electronic. 1743-1747.
    2013 Atomic force microscopy characterization of collagen ’nanostraws’ in human costal cartilageMicron. 483-7.
    2012 Decorin expression, straw-like structure, and differentiation of human costal cartilageConnect Tissue Res. 415-21.
    2012 High-throughput ultrasensitive characterization of chemical, structural and plasmonic properties of EBL-fabricated single silver nanoparticlesNANOSCALE. 380-385.
    2011 Localized surface plasmon resonance of single silver nanoparticles studied by dark-field optical microscopy and spectroscopyJournal of Applied Physics. 034310.
    2011 Nanosecond pulse electrical fields used in conjunction with multi-wall carbon nanotubes as a potential tumor treatmentBiomed Mater. 011002.
    2011 Nanosecond pulse electrical fields used in conjunction with multi-wall carbon nanotudes as a potential tumor treatmentBiomed Mater. 011002.
    2009 Correlation and Characterization of Three-Dimensional Morphologically Dependent Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectra of Single Silver Nanoparticles Using Dark-Field Optical Microscopy and Spectroscopy and Atomic Force MicroscopyThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 74-81.
    2008 Activation energy of surface diffusion and terrace width dynamics during the growth of In(4?3) on Si(100)-(2?1) by femtosecond pulsed laser depositionJ. Appl. Phys. 093510.
    2008 Activation energy of surface diffusion and terrace width dynamics during the growth of In(4x3) on Si(100)-(2x1) by femtosecond pulsed laser depositionVirtual Journal of Ultrafast Science.
    2008 Nonthermal laser-induced formation of crystalline Ge quantum dots on Si(100)J. Appl. Phys. 124302.
    2007 Calculations of the temperature and alloy composition effects on the optical properties of AlxGa1-xAsySb1-y and GaxIn1-xAsySb1-y in the spectral range from 0.5 - 6 eVJ. Appl. Phys. 014504-11.
    2007 Formation of In-(2x1) and In islands on Si(100)-(2x1) by femtosecond pulsed laser depositionVirtual Journal of Ultrafast Science.
    2006 Growth of Ge quantum dots on Si(100)-(2?1) by pulsed laser depositionJ. Appl. Phys. 054308.
    2006 Indium growth on Si(100)-2×1 by femtosecond pulsed laser depositionJLMN-Journal of Laser Micro/NanoEnginnering. 44-47.
    2006 Melting and solidification study of as-deposited and recrystallized Bi thin filmsJ. Appl. Phys. 123516-11.
    2006 Modeling of the temperature-dependent spectral response of In1-?Ga?Sb p+-n junction infrared photodetectorsOptical Engineering. 044001-8.
    2006 Quantum dot infrared photodetector fabricated by pulsed laser deposition techniqueJLMN-Journal of Laser Micro/NanoEngineering. 111-114.
    2005 Condensation on (002) graphite of liquid bismuth far below its bulk melting pointPhys. Rev. 205426 (9 pages).
    2005 Enhanced nonlinear photoemission near the melting threshold of Pb(111)J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 1275-1281.
    2005 Fabrication of Ge/Si quantum-dot Infrared photodetector by pulsed laser depositionOptical Engineering. 059702.
    2005 Indium growth on Si(100)-2×1 by femtosecond pulsed laser depositionJ.Vac.Sci & Technol.A. 1681-1686.
    2005 Self-assembly of Ge quantum dots on Si(100)-2?1 by pulsed laser depositionAppl. Phys. Lett. 243104.
    2005 Spark discharge assisted laser induced breakdown spectroscopySpectrochimica Acta B: Atomic Spectroscopy. 1564-1572.
    2004 Melting and solidification of indium nanocrystals deposited on (002) graphiteThin Solid Films. 254-263.
    2004 Ultrafast investigation of electron dynamics in multilayer metalsInt. J. Heat and Mass Transfer. 2261-2268.
    2003 A compact high-pulse-energy, ultraviolet laser source for ozone lidar measurementsAppl. Optics. 6650-6660.
    2003 Carbon induced (?3x?3)R30o reconstruction on Ge(111) and its transition to (1x1)Surf. Sci. 23-29.
    2003 Reflection high-energy electron diffraction study of surface morphology of vicinal Au(110) throughout the (2x1) phase transitionSurf. Sci. 89-100.
    2003 Ultrafast electron optics: Propagation dynamics of femtosecond electron packetsJ. Appl. Phys.. 1643.
    2002 An acceleration element for femtosecond electron pulse compressionPhys. Rev. E. 046502.
    2002 Atomic hydrogen cleaning of InP(100): Electron yield and surface morphology of negative electron affinity activated surfacesJ. Appl. Phys. 1256-1264.
    2002 Compact ozone lidar transmitter using a solid-state dye polymerOptical Engineering. 2951-2958.
    2002 Electron pulse broadening due to space charge effects in a photoelectron gun for electron diffraction and streak camera systems.  462-468.
    2002 Observation of step flow in femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of Si on Si(100)-2x1J. Vacuum Sci and Tech. 2068-2071.
    2002 Temperature dependent reflection electron diffraction study of In(111) and observation of laser-induced surface superheatingSurf. Sci. 275-284.
    2002 Time-resolved high energy electron diffraction study of the Ge(100)-(2x1) – (1x1) phase transitionSurf. Sci. 373-384.
    2001 A drift-diffusion model for reach-through avalanche photodiodesOptical Engineering. 1928-1935.
    2001 A new compensating element for a femtosecond photoelectron gunRev. Sci. Instrum. 3507-3513.
    2001 Time-resolved structural study of low-index surfaces of germanium near its bulk melting temperaturePhys. Rev. B. 085410-085421.
    2000 Atomic hydrogen cleaned GaAs(100) negative electron affinity photocathode: Surface studies with reflection high-energy electron diffraction and quantum efficiencyJ. Vac. Sci & Technol. A. 951-955.
    1999 GaAs photocathode cleaning by atomic hydrogen from a plasma sourceJ. Phys. 251-256.
    1999 Laser-shock processing effects on surface microstructure and mechanical properties of low carbon steelMaterials Science and Engineering. 260-268.
    1999 Preparation and operation of hydrogen cleaned GaAs(100) negative electron affinity photocathodesJ. Vac. Sci & Technol. 823-831.
    1999 Surface thermal expansion of Ge(111)Surf. Sci. Lett. L977-L982.
    1999 Time-resolved reflection high-energy electron diffraction study of the Ge(111)-c(2x8) – (1x1) Phase TransitionPhys. Rev. B.. 14907-14910.
    1999 Time-resolved structural study of the Ge(111) high temperature phase transitionSurf. Sci. 95-102.
    1998 Atomic hydrogen cleaning of InP(100) for preparation of negative electron affinity phtocathodeJ. Appl. Phys. 4568-4572.
    1998 Femtosecond photoemission study of ultrafast electron dynamics in single-crystal Au(111) filmsPhys. Rev. 10948-10952.
    1998 Surface morphology of laser superheated Pb(111)Surf. Sci. 271-279.
    1998 Surface morphology of laser superheated Pb(111) and Pb(100)Phys. Rev. B.
    1998 Temperature dependent step density on vicinal Pb(111)Phys. Rev. B. 15561-15566.
    1997 Femtosecond photoemission study of ultrafast electron dynamics on Cu(100) surfacePhys. Rev. B. 1099-1102.
    1997 Reflection high-energy electron diffraction Study of melting and solidification of Pb on graphite (0002)Phys. Rev. B. 4141-4148.
    1996 Measurement of the surface Debye temperature with reflection high-energy electron diffractionJ. Appl. Phys. 6853-6857.
    1995 A picosecond electron gun for surface analysisRev. Sci. Instrum. 1000-1009.
    1995 Microstructure and mechanical properties of laser shocked Hadfield steelMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A. 1507-1518.
    1995 Observation of surface enhanced multiphoton photoemission from metal surfaces in the short pulse limitJ. Chem. Phys. 8606-8613.
    1995 Scanning tunneling microscopy study of Pb on Si(111)Phys. Rev. B. 1481-1484.
    1994 Reflection high-energy electron diffraction study of surface disorder and anomalous expansion of Pb(100)Phys. Rev. B. 18674-18677.
    1994 Time resolved two photon photoemission from Cu(100)Phys. Rev. B. 8957-8960.
    1994 Time-resolved structural studies of the low index faces of leadPhys. Rev. B. 4886-4897.
    1993 Direct measurements of the transport of nonequilibrium electrons in gold films with different crystal structurePhys. Rev. B. 15488-115492.
    1993 Femtosecond time-resolved thermomodulation of thin gold films with different crystal structuresPhys. Rev. B. 13599-136011.
    1993 Superheating of Bi(0001)Phys. Rev. B. 4921-4923.
    1993 Temperature dependent X-Ray photoelectron diffraction study of Pb(100): Experimental results and the single-scattering cluster modelJ. Vac. Sci. Technol. A. 3106-3110.
    1993 Time-resolved structural study of Pb(100)Phys. Rev. Lett. 400-403.
    1992 Superheating of Pb(111)Phys. Rev. Lett. 1228-1231.
    1992 Time-resolved study of surface disordering of Pb(110)Phys. Rev. Lett. 2952-2955.
    1992 Time-resolved thermoreflectivity of thin gold films and its dependence on the ambient temperaturePhys. Rev. B. 13819-13822.
    1991 Angle resolved photoemission study of surface disordering of Pb(100)Phys. Rev. B. 12615-12618.
    1991 Femtosecond thermoreflectivity and thermotransmissivity of polycrystalline and single-crystalline gold filmsPhys. Rev. B. 4488-4491.
    1990 Comment on 'Thermal response of metals to ultrashort-pulse laser excitationPhys. Rev. Lett. 1846.
    1990 Laser shock-induced mechanical and microstructural modification of welded maraging steelJ. Appl. Phys. 2380-2384.
    1990 Picosecond time-resolved lattice surface temperature probeAppl. Phys. Lett. 1508-1510.
    1990 Ultrahigh vacuum picosecond laser-driven electron diffraction systemRev. Sci. Instrum. 1636-1647.
    1988 Picosecond reflection high-energy electron diffractionAppl. Phys. Lett. 103-104.
    1987 Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copperPhys. Rev. Lett. 1212-1215.
    1986 Experimental and theoretical studies of nuclear generation of ozone from oxygen and oxygen-sulfur hexafluoride mixturesJ. Appl. Phys. 1189-1205.
    1986 Ozone synthesis in charged particle induced noble gas-oxygen and noble gas-oxygen-sulfur hexafluoride dischargesPlasma Chem. Plasma Proc. 259-280.
    1984 Kinetic model of photolytic O2(1?) generationIEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-20. 977-984.
    1984 Ozone dosimetry for calibration of power deposition in nuclear pumped lasersRev. Sci. Instrum. 1353-1355.
    1983 A new neutron-feedback ICF driverTrans. Amer. Nucl. Soc. 45. 180-181.

    Conference Papers

    Year Title
    2008 Cation exchange in zeolites placed in an electrokinetic cell
    2008 Design and build a compact Raman sensor for identification of chemical composition Sensors.  694301 (7 pages).
    2008 Effect of Initial Soil pH on Copper Ion Transport in an Electrokinetic Cell
    2007 Remote Raman sensor system for testing of rocks and minerals.  653811 (9 pages).
    2007 Self assembled quantum dot mid-infrared Si/Ge photodetector fabricated by pulsed laser deposition
    2006 Formation of Ge quantum dots by pulsed laser deposition
    2006 Remote pulsed laser Raman spectroscopy system for detecting water, ice, and hydrous minerals.  630215 (7 pages).
    2005 Characterization of InGaAS linear array for applications to remote sensing.  57-64.
    2005 Femtosecond pulsed laser deposition of indium on Si(100)
    2005 Quantum-dot infrared photodetector fabricated by pulsed laser deposition technique
    2002 Femtosecond damage threshold of multi-layer metal films.  16-19.
    2000 Solid-state dye lasers for use in ozone measurements.  18-19.
    1998 Time-resolved reflection high-energy electron diffraction.  607-615.
    1995 Time-resolved electron diffraction to study photoinduced molecular dynamics at single crystal surfaces.  103-112.
    1995 Time-resolved reflection high-energy electron diffraction of metal surfaces.  92-102.
    1994 Femtosecond measurements of ballistic and interactive transport of nonequilibrium electrons in thin gold films
    1994 Femtosecond studies of carrier relaxation processes at single crystal metal surfaces.  98.
    1993 Laser shock processing of low carbon steel.  171-184.
    1993 Structural properties of metal surfaces subjected to ultrafast laser heating.  42-49.
    1993 Ultrafast superheating of metal surfaces
    1990 Femtosecond thermomodulation of single-crystalline and polycrystalline gold films.  371-373.
    1990 Laser shock hardening of welded maraging steel.  280-290.
    1990 Picosecond time-resolved electron diffraction studies of laser heated metals.  143-152.
    1990 Transient surface Debye-Waller effect.  76-85.
    1989 Hot electron relaxation in metals.  58-65.
    1987 Phase transitions in the picosecond time domain.  51-57.
    1986 Time-resolved observation of electron-phonon relaxation in copper.  264-266.
    1984 UV generation of O2(1?)--Kinetics and applications.  187-192.
    1983 A nuclear pumping scheme for powering a visible transfer laser.  401-405.

    Grants

  • Highly-Transmissive Colored Coatings for Architectural Photovoltaic Panels  awarded by Commonwealth Research Commercialization Fund (CRCF) 2018 - 2019
  • JSA Physics GRA Support FY 18  awarded by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC (Jefferson Lab) 2017 - 2018
  • Exploration of Additive Manuf Naval App Exped Warfare  awarded by Office of the Secretary of defense 2016 - 2018
  • MRI Consortium: Acquisition of a Time-Correlated Single Photon Counting System for multidisciplinary research and education  awarded by NSF - MRI 2014 - 2017
  • Ultrahigh-Efficiency Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Solar Cells using Nanorod-in-Nanotube Techniques  awarded by ODU Research Foundation 2010
  • Acquisition of an Electron Probe Microanalysis System (MRI)  awarded by National Science Foundation 2008 - 2010
  • Atmospheric Sensing System System  awarded by NASA, Contract: NNX08BA27G 2008 - 2009
  • Deposition of Wireless Nanosensors  awarded by National Institute of Aerospace 2008 - 2009
  • Fabrication of Sensor Electrode  awarded by Morphix Technologies 2008 - 2009
  • Time-Resolved Electron Diffraction Studies of Surface Reactions (Renewal)  awarded by Department of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Division of Material Sciences 2006 - 2009
  • NIRT: Design of Biocompatible Nanoparticles for Probing Living Cellular Functions and Their Potential Environmental Impacts  awarded by National Science Foundation 2005 - 2009
  • Fabrication of transparent wireless sensor using micromachined indium tin oxide conductive coating  awarded by NASA - 2009
  • Acquisition of an Electron Probe Microanalyzer for Innovative Geological, Biochemical, and Material Science Applications  awarded by NSF (Major Research Instrumentation) 2008
  • Deposition of Thin Film Metal Oxide Films  awarded by AVAR (industrial 2007 - 2008
  • Deposition of Wireless Nanosensors  awarded by National Institute of Aerospace, Task Order #6099 2007 - 2008
  • Pulsed Laser Deposition of Niobium Thin Films inside an RF Cavity  awarded by Black’s Lab (industrial) 2007 - 2008
  • Lidar Receiver System  awarded by National Institute of Aerospace, Task Order #6072 2006 - 2008
  • Virginia Partnership for Nanotechnology Education and Workforce Development  awarded by Subcontract from George Mason University as part of National Science Foundation Grant (academic-industrial partnership) 2006 - 2008
  • Virginia Partnership for Nanotechnology Partnership and Workforce Development  awarded by NSF 2006 - 2008
  • Analytical Work for Surface Characterization  awarded by Blacks Labs (industrial 2006 - 2007
  • Analytical/Photolithography Services for Biocell Coverslip Chamber  awarded by RPN Enterprises (industrial 2006 - 2007
  • Support activities for the JLab Free Electron Laser DC Photo-injector- SURA Collaboration Grant with the Jefferson Lab  awarded by Jefferson Lab 2005 - 2007
  • Acquisition of an Ultrahigh Vacuum Scanning Tunneling Microscope  awarded by National Science Foundation 2004 - 2007
  • Laser Safety Video Development  awarded by Coastal Training Technologies Corp (industrial) - 2007
  • Evaluation of Laser Ablation Technique for Sectioning Mitsubishi's Toner Particles  awarded by Mitsubishi Kagaku Imaging Corporation (industrial 2006
  • Acquisition of a Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope  awarded by Air Force Office of Scientific Research (DURIP 2005 - 2006
  • Characterization of Nanocomposite Materials  awarded by NASA, NCC-1-02022 2005 - 2006
  • Time-Resolved Electron Diffraction Studies of Surface Reactions  awarded by Department of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Division of Material Sciences 2003 - 2006
  • Modeling of Gallium Antimonide/Indium Arsenide Antimonide Dual-Band Detector  awarded by National Institute of Aerospace 2004 - 2005
  • Development of a Femtosecond Time-Resolved Electron Diffraction System  awarded by National Science Foundation 2001 - 2005
  • Characterization and Modeling of Indium Gallium Antimonide Avalanche Photodiode and of Indium Gallium Arsenide Two-Band Detector  awarded by National Institute of Aerospace 2004
  • Picosecond Electron Diffraction Study of Superheating of Solids  awarded by National Science Foundation, Division of Material Research, DMR-9988669 2000 - 2004
  • Establishment of a Center for Plasma and Photonic Processing at the Jefferson lab Applied Research Center (ARC)  awarded by Virginia Center for Innovative Technology 1998 - 2003
  • Acquisition of Ultrafast Laser Processing and Diagnostic System  awarded by National Science Foundation 1999 - 2002
  • Time-Resolved Electron Diffraction Studies of Surface Reactions  awarded by Department of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Division of Material Sciences (renewal of DE-FG02-97ER45625) 1999 - 2002
  • Undergraduate Student Stipend in Basic Scientific Research  awarded by Jeffress Research Grant, Project ODU No. #704672 2000 - 2001
  • Adsorbate Chemical Bond Dynamics Studied with Time-Resolved Electron Stimulated Desorption  awarded by Jeffress Research Grant 1999 - 2000
  • Feasibility Study for the Deposition of Inert Barrier Layer in Semiconductor Processing Equipment  awarded by Control Corporation of America (CONCOA) and the Virginia Center for Innovative Technology (industrial) 1999 - 2000
  • Development of an Advanced Water Vapor Lidar Detection System  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center (NLCC-1-230) 1996 - 2000
  • Subpicosecond Time-Resolved Electron Diffraction of Phase Transitions in Thin Films  awarded by University of Michigan, Ultrafast Science and Technology Center (subcontract) 1999
  • Laser Scribe Optimization of Tin Oxide Coating for Amorphous Solar Cells  awarded by SOLAREX, AMOCO/Enron Solar and the Technology Application Center (industrial) 1998 - 1999
  • Dynamics of Surface Melting (renewal  awarded by Department of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Division of Material Sciences (DE-FG02-97ER45625) 1996 - 1999
  • Fiber Optic Receiver System for a Water Vapor Differential Lidar Instrument  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center (NLCC-1-230) 1997 - 1998
  • Development of a Ti:Al2O3 Laser for Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center (NAG-1-1578) 1994 - 1998
  • Fabrication of Single Crystal Gold Thin Films for Time-Resolved X-Ray Studies  awarded by University of California at Berkeley - 1997
  • Development of a Photon Counting System for Differential Lidar Signal Detection  awarded by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Langley Research Center (NLPN 95-1028) 1996
  • Dynamics of Surface Melting  awarded by Department of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Division of Material Sciences (DE-FG05-93ER45504) 1993 - 1996
  • Photoinduced Charge Transfer Processes at Surfaces  awarded by National Science Foundation, Center for Photoinduced Charge Transfer (CHE-9120001) 1993 - 1995
  • Surface Defect Kinetics: The Lead-Silicon Interface  awarded by Southeastern Universities Research Association- Oak Ridge National Laboratory (SURA-ORNL) Cooperative 1994
  • Dynamics of Surface Melting (renewal)  awarded by Department of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Division of Material Sciences 1992 - 1994
  • A System for Monitoring and Controlling Electronic Thin-Film Deposition  awarded by New York State Science and Technology Foundation 1992 - 1993
  • Laser Shock Damage of Iron-Based Metals  awarded by Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Aerospace Sciences (AFOSR90-0185) 1990 - 1993
  • Photoinduced Charge Transfer Processes of Carbon Monoxide on Nickel Single Crystal Surfaces  awarded by National Science Foundation, Center for Photoinduced Charge Transfer 1990 - 1993
  • Dynamics of Surface Melting  awarded by Department of Energy, Office of Basic Sciences, Division of Material Sciences (DE-FG02-88ER45376) 1988 - 1991
  • Time-Resolved Surface Structural Study by Picosecond Reflection High-Energy Electron Diffraction  awarded by Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Electronic and Material Sciences (AFOSR-87-0327 1987 - 1989
  • Model of Radiation Induced Discharges  awarded by National Science Foundation 1985 - 1986
  • Keywords

  • Engineering : Materials / Lasers / Semiconductors / Surface Analysis / Thin Film Technology / Physical Electronics
  • Engineering Technology : Materials / Lasers / Semiconductors / Surface Analysis / Thin Film Technology / Physical Electronics
  • Education And Training

  • Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 1985
  • M.S. in Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 1982
  • B.S. in Electrical Engineering, University of Miami 1979
  • Full Name

  • Hani Elsayed-Ali