• Christopher Sink, Ph.D., NCC, LMHC (WA Inactive), professor of Counseling and Human Services (since July 2015). Earlier, I spent 21 years as a professor of counselor education at Seattle Pacific University and five years at Northwest Missouri State University. Prior to serving in the professoriate, I worked as a secondary and post-secondary counselor. I have many years of chief editorial experience in counseling-related journals (ASCA’s Professional School Counseling and ACA’s Counseling and Values). I currently serve on the editorial board of multiple peer-refereed journals, including The Professional Counselor (the National Board of Certified Counselors), Professional School Counseling (American School Counselor Association), Counselling and Spirituality (Canadian), Counseling and Values (American Counseling Association and Association for Spiritual, Ethical, and Religious Values in Counseling), and Journal of Research on Christian Education. I enjoy consulting (e.g., conducting program evaluations) for school systems and organizations as well as presenting at scholarly and professional conferences on a regular basis including those held in the U.S. and internationally. I have also served as a keynote speaker on multiple occasions. I publish extensively in various areas related to school counseling, social-emotional learning (SEL), educational psychology, positive psychology, and research methods. I am a strong advocate for systemic and strengths-based school-based counseling. Currently, my research agenda includes topics examining social-emotional learning [click link for description of multinational project], program evaluation, outcomes of comprehensive school counseling programs, research methods in counselor education, positive psychology, and spirituality as an important feature of adolescent resiliency. I also have a three-year appointment as visiting scholar at York St John University, Faculty of Education and Theology, York England.
  • Selected Publications

    Articles In Academic Journals

    Year Title
    2018 A Complex Samples Investigation of School Counselor Ratios and High School Student Academic OutcomesJournal of Counseling and Development. 388-398.
    2018 Commentary—On school-based counseling policy and evaluationJournal for School-Based Counseling Policy and Evaluation. iv-vi.
    2018 Development and validation of the College Mental Health Perceived Competency ScaleThe Professional Counselor. 175-189.
    2018 Program Evaluation in Doctoral-level Counselor Education Preparation: Concerns and RecommendationsAmerican Journal of Evaluation. 496-510.
    2018 Student Happiness, School Climate, and School Improvement Plans: Implications for School Counseling PracticeProfessional School Counseling. 1-10.
    2017 Well-being therapy in schools: Implications for supporting students with spirituality-related issuesCounselling and Spirituality. 121-143.
    2016 Confirming the structural validity of the My Class Inventory – Short Form RevisedProfessional School Counseling. 92-102.
    2016 Macmurray on relationality: A tool for systems theory?Philosophy and Theology. 203-220.
    2016 Multilevel Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Teacher My Class Inventory Short Form.Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development.. 1-11.
    2016 School counselors and a multi-tiered system of supports: Cultivating systemic change and equitable outcomesThe Professional Counselor. v-ix.
    2015 Nature of Mathematics Classroom Environments in Catholic High SchoolsJournal of Catholic Education. 74-98.
    2014 Psychometric Analysis of the Life Perspectives Inventory and Implications for Assessing Characteristics of Adolescent SpiritualityMeasurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development. 150-167.
    2013 A mindfulness approach to educating preservice school counselors about spiritualityCounselling and Spirituality. 15-38.
    2013 Factor analysis in counseling research and practiceCounseling Outcome Research and Evaluation. 75-98.
    2013 Introduction to the special issue on education and sustainabilityEducational Research Journal. 1-4.
    2013 Sustaining Professional School Counseling Through Viable Accountability PracticesEducational Research Journal. 103-124.
    2012 A comprehensive review of research on child and adolescent spirituality: Evidence for the inclusion of spirituality in school counselingJournal of Asia Pacific Counseling,. 19-43.
    2012 Spirituality an Untapped Developmental Asset: Implications for School CounsellingCounselling and Spirituality/Counseling et spiritualité. 15-38.
    2011 Editorial introduction: School-wide responsive services and the value of collaborationProfessional School Counseling. ii-iv.
    2011 Korean Version of the Life Perspectives Inventory: Psychometric Properties and Implications for High School CounselingProfessional School Counseling. 15-33.
    2011 Student Spirituality and School Counseling: Issues, Opportunities, and ChallengesCounseling and Values. 130-148.
    2010 Commentary: Critical Reflections on the Ethical and Professional Considerations in Writing About ClientsCounseling and Values. 157-161.
    2010 Statistical power, sampling, and effect sizes three keys to research relevancyCounseling Outcome Research and Evaluation. 1-18.
    2010 The Suffering with God Scale: Theoretical development, psychometric analyses, and relationships with indices of religiosityResearch in the Social Scientific Study of Religion. 71-94.
    2009 School counselors as accountability leaders: Another call for actionProfessional School Counseling. 68-74.
    2008 An investigation of comprehensive school counseling programs and academic achievement in Washington State middle schoolsProfessional School Counseling. 43-53.
    2008 Elementary school counselors and teachers: Collaborators for higher student achievementThe Elementary School Journal. 445-458.
    2008 Further evidence of gender differences in computer literaryChance. 53-57.
    2008 Supportive learning communities and the transformative role of professional school counselorsProfessional School Counseling. 108-114.
    2008 Wisdom of Robert Solomon: Naturalized Spirituality and CounselingCounseling and Values. 178-180.
    2007 Helping children transition from kindergarten to first gradeProfessional School Counseling. 233-237.
    2007 Spiritual formation in Christian school counseling programsJournal of Research on Christian Education. 35-63.
    2007 Teacher version of the My Class Inventory—Short Form: An accountability tool for elementary school counselorsProfessional School Counseling. 129-139.
    2006 Nurturing interfaith dialogue and cooperation within the counseling contextCounseling and Values. 82-83.
    2006 On the importance of quality researchCounseling and Values. 2-4.
    2006 Practical significance: The use of effect sizes in school counseling researchProfessional School Counseling. 401-411.
    2006 What John Macmurray’s Philosophy Can Add to the Counseling and Values CommunityCounseling and Values. 162-164.
    2005 Comprehensive guidance and counseling programs’ use of guidance curricula materials: A survey of national trendsProfessional School Counseling. 296-304.
    2005 Comprehensive school counseling programs and academic achievement—A rejoinder to Brown and TrustyProfessional School Counseling. 9-12.
    2005 Fostering academic development and learning: Implications and recommendations for middle school counselorsProfessional School Counseling. 128-135.
    2005 Looking ahead: The future school counselorContemporary school counseling: Theory, research, and practice. 390-405.
    2005 My Class Inventory-Short Form as an accountability tool for elementary school counselors to measure classroom climateProfessional School Counseling. 37-48.
    2005 The challenge and promise of changeCounseling and Values. 2-4.
    2004 Introducing spirituality to professional school counselingProfessional School Counseling. 291-292.
    2004 Moving learning communities beyond the schoolFourth International Conference on the Social and Moral Fabric of the School, University of Hull, United Kingdom.
    2004 Spirituality and Comprehensive School Counseling ProgramsProfessional School Counseling. 9.
    2003 Raising achievement test scores of early elementary school students through comprehensive school counseling programsProfessional School Counseling. 350-365.
    2002 A Follow-Up Study of" Teacher Beliefs Survey": A Psychometric Investigation of the Instrument and Its Educational Implications
    2002 An Experiential Systemic Approach To Encourage Collaboration and Community BuildingProfessional School Counseling. 360-65.
    2002 Another look at character education in Christian schoolsJournal of Research on Christian Education. 161-181.
    2002 Applying APA’s Learner-Centered Principles to School-Based Group CounselingProfessional School Counseling. 71-78.
    2002 Comprehensive guidance and counseling programs and the development of multicultural student-citizensProfessional School Counseling. 130-137.
    2002 Helping elementary-age children cope with disastersProfessional School Counseling.
    2002 In search of the profession’s finest hour: A critique of four views of 21st century school counselingProfessional School Counseling. 156-163.
    2001 Navigating the Publication Process II: Further Recommendations for Prospective CounselorsProfessional School Counseling. 56-61.
    2001 School CounselorsSchool counselors’ perceptions of comprehensive guidance and counseling programs: A survey of national trendsProfessional School Counseling. 278-288.
    2000 Modeling collaboration through caring communities of learnersProfessional School Counseling.
    2000 Navigating the publication process: Recommendations for prospective contributorsProfessional School Counseling. ii-iv.
    2000 The school counselor as a" psychoeducational resource specialist": Reframing our role for the next centuryProfessional School Counseling. ii-iii.
    1999 A qualitative developmental analysis of comprehensive guidance programmes in schools in the United StatesBritish Journal of Guidance and Counselling. 415-430.
    1999 Professional school counseling in transitionProfessional School Counseling. II.
    1999 Reflections on the Future of School CounselingProfessional School Counseling. II.
    1998 Meaning and purpose in Russian, Swiss, and American adolescentsEducation-line.
    1998 Reliability estimates of the Purpose in Life and Seeking Noetic Goals tests with rural and metropolitan-area adolescentsPerceptual and motor skills. 362.
    1998 The Status of Comprehensive Guidance and Counseling in the United StatesProfessional School Counseling. 88-94.
    1997 Is constructivism education’s cold fusion?Issues in Education: Contributions from Educational Psychology. 263-272.
    1997 Promises and pitfalls of alternative assessmentNational Association of Laboratory Schools Journal. 9-1.
    1997 Spirituality and faith development of schoolchildren: Implications for school counselingReligion and Education. 59-67.
    1994 Comparisons among neo-Lurian assessment measures of brain-injured adultsPsychological reports. 975-978.
    1993 Perceptions of scholastic competence in relation to middle-school achievementPerceptual and motor skills.
    1992 Using cerebral dominance for education programsThe Journal of general psychology. 45-57.
    1991 Self-Regulated Learning and Academic Performance in Middle School ChildrenPsychological reports. 979-989.
    1991 The information-integration model and the cognitive assessment of brain-injured community college studentsCA State Professionals Educating the Disabled. 23-35.


    Year Title
    2013 Child adolescent counseling and spirituality. School counseling in positive psychology.  Ed. South Korea.  Seoul: Hakjisa Publishing.
    2012 School Based Group Counseling.  Brooks Cole/Cengage.
    2011 Mental Health Interventions for School Counselors.  Wadsworth Pub Co/Cengage.
    2005 Contemporary school counseling: Theory, research, and practice.  Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
    2003 What are the effects of comprehensive developmental guidance programs on early elementary students’ academic achievement.  Ed. 2.  School Counselling Research Brief.


    Year Title
    2017 Conducting large-scale evaluation studies to identify characteristics of effective comprehensive school counseling programsInternational handbook for policy research on school-based counseling. Springer.
    2015 School Counseling (chapter 3)Critical Incidents in Integrating Spirituality Into Counseling. Alexandra, VA: American Counseling Association.
    2014 SpiritualityApplying techniques to common encounters in school counseling: A case-based approach. New York, NY: Pearson.
    2013 European philosophies and influences on school-based counseling practices in the United StatesEuropean ideas in the works of famous educationalists: International, globalization and their impact on education (Studia i Mongraphie Nr. 41). Lodz: Wydawnictwo Spolecznej Akaemii Nauk (Social Academy of Sciences).
    2012 Writing for publication: Collecting and sharing results in an articleASCA National Model. Alexandria VA: American School Counselor Association.
    2001 The school as community approach to violence preventionFaces of Violence: Psychological Correlates, Concepts, and Intervention Strategies. New York NY: Nova Science Publishers.
    Assessment: Case of the ninth grade gapCritical incidents in school counseling. Alexandra, VA: American Counseling Association.

    Research Overview

  • social-emotional learning, program evaluation, outcomes of comprehensive school counseling programs, research methods in counselor education, positive psychology, and spirituality as an important feature of adolescent resiliency
  • Expertise Keywords

  • Positive Psychology and Spirituality
  • Research and Psychometrics
  • School-based Counseling
  • Social-Emotional Learning
  • Education And Training

  • Ph.D. in Educational Psychology, University of California, Riverside 1988
  • M.S. in Counseling, California State University, Fullerton 1981
  • B.A. in Psychology, University of California, Irvine 1978
  • Full Name

  • Christopher Sink