Selected Publications

Articles In Academic Journals

Year Title
2017 Citizen Journalists and their Views on Traditional Notions of JournalismJournalism Studies. 341-357.
2017 Stuck on options and implementation in Hampton Roads, Virginia: an integrated conceptual framework for linking adaptation capacity, readiness, and barriersJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. 450.
2016 Crisis Management and Ethics: Moving Beyond the Public-Relations-Person-as-Corporate-Conscience ConstructJournal of Media Ethics.
2016 Perspectives of an Underconsidered Stakeholder Group: Citizen Journalists' Views of Public Relations Practitioners and their MaterialsPublic Relations Review. 184-191.
2016 Stuck on Options and Implementation in Hampton Roads, Virginia: An Integrated Conceptual Framework for Linking Adaptation Capacity, Readiness, and BarriersJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.
2016 Stuck on Options and Implementation: Examining Barriers to Regional Adaptation to Sea Level RiseJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.
2016 The sea is rising… but not onto the policy agenda: A multiple streams approach to understanding sea level rise policiesEnvironment and Planning C: Government and Policy.
2015 A Guiding Light: An Ethical Perspective Guides Public Relations through Crisis to SafetyCommunication Director. 48-9.
2015 The Sea is Rising… But Not onto the Policy Agenda: A Multiple Streams Approach to Understanding Sea Level Rise PoliciesEnvironment and Planning C: Government and Policy.
2015 The Top Executive on Undercover Boss: The Embodied Corporate Persona and the Valorization of Self-GovernmentJournal of Communication Inquiry.
2014 Conveying the Sense-Making Corporate Persona: The Mobil Oil ‘Observations’ Columns, 1975-1980Public Relations Review. 692-699.
2014 The National Association of Manufacturers’ Community Relations Short Film Your Town: Parable, Propaganda, and Big IndividualismJournal of Public Relations Research. 103-116.
2014 The Role of Politics and Proximity in Sea Level Rise Policy Salience: A Study of Virginia Legislators’ PerspectivesThe Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. 208-217.
2014 The role of politics and proximity in sea level rise policy salience: a study of Virginia legislators’ perceptionsJournal of Environmental Studies and Sciences. 208-217.
2014 The ‘Creative Confrontation’ of Herbert Schmertz: Public Relations Sense Making and the Corporate PersonaPublic Relations Review. 772-779.
2011 The Evolution of an Idea: Charting the Early Public Relations Ideology of Edward L. BernaysJournal of Communication Management. 223-235.
2010 A View that’s Fit to Print: The National Association of Manufacturers’ Free Enterprise Rhetoric as Integration Propaganda in The New York Times, 1937-1939Journalism Studies. 377-392.
2009 Claiming Journalistic Truth: Press Guardedness toward Edward L Bernays’ Conception of the Minority Voice and the “Corroding Acid” of PropagandaJournalism Studies. 353-367.
2009 Journalism’s Counterinsurgency against ‘Free Space’: the ANPA Anti-Publicity Bulletins of 1921-1926.Journalism History. 91-97.
2009 The State of Public Relations HistoryAmerican Journalism. 156-159.
2009 Video News Release Policies and Usage at American Television News Stations: Deontological Implications for the NewsroomJournalism Practice. 46-58.
2008 Not Biting the Hand that Feeds Them: Hegemonic Expediency in the Newsroom and the Karen Ryan/Health and Human Services Department Video News ReleaseJournal of Mass Media Ethics. 110-125.
2007 Newspapers’ Struggles with Civic Engagement: The U.S. Press and the Rejection of Public Journalism as PropagandisticThe Communication Review. 249-270.
2006 The Case for Ethical Propaganda within a Democracy: Ivy Lee’s Successful 1913-1914 Railroad Rate CampaignPublic Relations Review. 221-228.
2002 Whither PR Writing?Tactics. 22.
1999 An Open Letter that I Barely had Time to WritePublic Relations Journal. 23-28.
1999 Brian RossEncyclopedia of Television News.
1999 MSNBCEncyclopedia of Television News.
1999 NewsmagazinesEncyclopedia of Television News.
1999 Readership DownSt. Louis Journalism Review. 3.
1999 Recovery Communications: Helping Your Employees Heal After Workplace ViolencePublic Relations Society of America. 96-99.
1999 Six Foolproof Ways to Aggravate Your Potential ClientPR Week. 13.
1999 Why not Public Journalism?Editor & Publisher. 54.
1998 African-Americans Trust Minority Media FirstSt. Louis Journalism Review. 3.
1998 Gems Among the RepetitionPublic Relations Quarterly. 8-9.
1998 Inside Integrated Marketing CommunicationsTactics. 11.
1998 PR Reporter on Employee Relations: Good Questions, Few AnswersJournal of Employee Communication Management. 52-56.
1998 Public Relations as Community-Building: Then and NowPublic Relations Quarterly. 34-40.
1998 Third Annual PR Blunders List Highlights 1997 GaffesSt. Louis Journalism Review. 12.
1998 What is PR’s Role in Community Building Today?PR Reporter. 1-2.
1997 Not a Very Handy HandbookPublic Relations Quarterly. 7-8.
1997 Recovery Communications: Helping Your Employees Heal After Workplace ViolenceTactics. 1, 14, 27.
1997 Want to be a Strategist? Make Your Case in WritingJournal of Employee Communication Management. 33-37.
1996 A Mutual-Gains Approach to PRTactics. 20.
1996 Book Sparks Fresh Debate Over Public RelationsSt. Louis Journalism Review. 13.
1996 Downsizing’s TollPublic Relations Quarterly. 4-6.
1996 How PR Addresses Audiences’ Needs for Consistency; Part 1PR Reporter. 1-2.
1996 How PR Addresses Audiences’ Needs for Consistency; Part 2PR Reporter. 1-2.
1996 Review of “Building Your Company’s Good Name,”Communication World. 39.
1996 Rollins’ Book Short of a KnockoutPublic Relations Quarterly. 10-11.
1996 Speak Up to the MediaToastmaster. 24-27.
1996 The Future of Media Technology is UncertainSt. Louis Journalism Review. 16.
1996 The Future of the Printed WordThe Public Relations Strategist. 28, 32-33.
1996 Viets’ Future With the Post UncertainSt. Louis Journalism Review. 18.
1994 Channel 2’s ‘You Paid for it’ Under FireSt. Louis Journalism Review. 8.
1994 How to Prepare for a CrisisSt. Louis Small Business Monthly. 5.

Books

Year Title
2017 Crisis Communication and Crisis Management: An Ethical Approach
2017 Mr. Lee's Publicity Book: A Citizen's Guide to Public Relations
2017 Public Relations and the Corporate Persona: The Rise of the Affinitive Organization.  Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge.
2010 Press Professionalization and Propaganda: The Rise of Journalistic Double-Mindedness, 1917-1941.  Buffalo, NY.
2009 Public Journalism 2.0: The Promise and Reality of a Citizen-Engaged Press.  Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge.

Chapters

Year Title
2014 Introduction: Realizing New Pathways to Public Relations HistoryPathways to Public Relations: Histories of Practice and Profession. Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge.
2014 Patch.Com: The Challenge of Connective Community Journalism in the Digital SphereCommunity Journalism Midst Media Revolution. Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge.
2014 The Good Reason of Public Relations: PR News and the Selling of a FieldPathways to Public Relations: Histories of Practice and Profession. Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge.
2012 Disrespecting the Doxa: The Daily Show Critique of CNN’s Struggle to Balance Detachment and ConnectednessNews with a View: Essays on the Eclipse of Objectivity in Modern Journalism. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
2012 Introduction: Challenges for Journalism in a Post-Objective AgeNews with a View: Essays on the Eclipse of Objectivity in Modern Journalism. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
2011 Re-Contextualizing Americanism: The National Association of Manufacturers’ Jeremiad for Free Enterprise during the Depression EraThe Rhetoric of American Exceptionalism. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
2010 The Virginian-Pilot’s Co-Pilot Pages: Participatory Journalism and the Dilemma of Private Values as Public NewsPublic Journalism 2.0: The Promise and Reality of a Citizen-Engaged Press. Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge.
2009 WWI’s ‘Secondhand Past’ as Legacy: Propaganda, Journalism and the Domestic Struggle over the Commodification of TruthWar and the Media: Essays on News Reporting, Propaganda and Popular Culture. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.